Firstly, the juicers we feature on our website www.juiceland.co.uk are selected on the basis of quality, ease of use and reliability and they are all serviced in the UK by reputable manufacturers or their agents. We do not sell cheap electrical juicers as the ones we have tested have generally been found to be of poor quality, difficult to clean or extremely unreliable and we tend to leave these to the high street stores to sell. With cheaper models, the motors and integral parts tend not to be as refined or well made as with the more expensive juicers which can result in your juicer making frequent trips to and from the warranty provider or ending up in the recycling bin – these factors can often be enough to turn the user off juicing for good! We hope that the reasons you have visited our website are because you are either serious about nutrition or simply looking for a more user friendly or reliable model.
What is Juicing?
Juicing is the separation of the liquid (juice) from the fiber (often referred to as the pulp). The juicing process breaks down the cells of the produce which releases the liquids and a sieve like screen filters the juice in to one receptacle and the fibers are discarded in to a separate container.
Why would we want to do this – why not just eat the produce?
Removing the fiber from fruits, vegetables and herbs allows us to release the essential nutrients in liquid form, which otherwise would take a lot of time and chewing to eat. Liquid juice is also much easier for the body to absorb and digest. As we are now being encouraged to eat a bare minimum of 5 different portions of fruit and vegetables per day – juicing is an excellent way to get these nutrients in to our bodies, especially the foods that you never get round to eating with your everyday meals.
Apart from salads, most vegetables are cooked before being eaten in the western diet, unfortunately cooking foods destroys a significant proportion of the vitamins, minerals and enzymes contained in them as these essential nutrients are volatile to temperatures above 118ºF. Cooking also changes the atomic structure of the molecules – making it more difficult for the body to absorb and digest. Fruit and vegetables in their uncooked state are often referred to as ‘Raw Foods’ and there is now a large number of everyday people following a strict ‘Raw Food’ lifestyle. The use of natural ‘Raw Foods’ in treating cancer and other serious illnesses has proved successful where modern conventional medicine has failed.
Raw juice should be consumed by everyone but it is strongly recommended that juice be taken in moderation and should be made up from different food groups. A good indication of what nutrients are present in fruits and vegetables is clearly presented in the color of the produce. Obviously, this is only a rough guide and anybody serious about nutrition should read as much as possible on the subject – there are various Nutrition Books and Juicing Books on our website on these subjects. Finally, drinking juice should never be considered a substitute for eating fruits and vegetables but should be looked on as an accompaniment to a good and varied diet.
Green Vegetables: Green juices cleanse the body of pollutants and have a rejuvenating effect. Made from a variety of green vegetables and herbs, green juices are rich in chlorophyll which helps to purify the blood, build red blood cells, detoxify and heal the body, and provide the body with fast energy. Green juices can be made with alfalfa sprouts, cabbage, kale, dandelion greens, spinach, parsley, watercress and any other green vegetables and herbs including wheatgrass. These juices can be very strong tasting and you may have to sweeten or dilute them, try adding fresh carrot and/or apple juice or simply dilute with filtered water. Although green juices have great health benefits, they should be consumed in moderation. Try drinking about 8 to 10 fluid ounces (250-300ml) a day.
Other Vegetables: Fresh vegetable juices are restorers and builders. They boost the immune system, remove acid wastes, and balance the metabolism. They also aid in the control of obesity by removing excess body fat. Among the most healthy and delicious of the vegetable juices are beet, cabbage, carrot, celery, cucumber, turnip. Carrot juice is probably the most popular of the juices and is packed with beta-carotene which is the vitamin A precursor that helps fight cancer. Carrots are the sweetest of the vegetables and their juice is not just delicious on its own but is great for mixing with other vegetables to increase their appeal. On the other hand, strong-flavored vegetables like broccoli, white cabbage, celery, onions, parsley, rutabaga, and turnips, for instance – should be used in small amounts only. Garlic is also a great addition to vegetable drinks in small amounts. For the greatest health benefits, use many different vegetables when making your juices. That way, you will provide your body with a variety of important nutrients.
Fruits: Fruit juices help to cleanse the body and nourish it with important nutrients, including cancer fighting antioxidants. Although any fruit can be used, certain juices are particularly healthy and delicious compared to others. One favorite cleansing juice is watermelon – to make this refreshing drink, place watermelon with the rind into the juicer. Other delicious juices can be made with apples, berries, citrus fruits, kiwi, melons, pears or just about any fruit that you want to use. You can enjoy fruit juices at any time of the day and about 10 to 12 fluid ounces (300-350ml) per day is recommended.
Again we cannot stress enough that you should vary your intake of juice to include produce from all these food groups – try mixing these groups to come up with your own wonderful cocktails.
Types of Juicer
We will now explain the different types of juicers and their particular advantages and disadvantages.
Centrifugal Juicers (High-Speed)
These type of juicers work by using centrifugal force to extract the juice. The fruits and vegetables are pushed down a feed tube on to a flat grating blade which is spinning at anything up to 12,000 Revolutions Per Minute (RPM). The speed of the grater effectively shreds the produce as it touches it and the centrifugal force that is created underneath the blade, sucks the liquid through tiny holes in the filter basket. Juice is dispensed into a receptacle and the fibre is discarded.
Pulp Ejection Systems: Some juicers utilize a Pulp Ejection system where the pulp is flung upwards and discarded into a separate container so that you can continue juicing large volumes before having to empty the waste basket. These models include the L’Equip 110.5 juicer, the L’Equip XL juicer and the Waring WJX50 juicer.
Internal Storage Systems: Others machines have an internal collection basket to collect the pulp, this limits the amount of juice that can be produced to a couple of glasses before the basket has to be emptied. These models include the Magimix Le Duo XL juicer and the Waring PJC44 juicer. These juicers seem to produce a slightly better yield that the pulp ejectors and they usually run at lower speeds of around 3000 RPM.
Whole Fruit Centrifugal Juicers: These machines have a wide mouthed feed tube which can usually fit a whole apple in without chopping it up first. Obviously, the benefit of not having to chop up the produce before feeding it through the machine is appealing to everyone but due to the wide opening, sometimes produce can bypass the blade without being juiced. We have hand picked a few whole fruit juicers that we believe offer better results than those on the high street and achieve this with motors that are far more reliable – these include the L’Equip XL juicer, Magimix Le Duo XL juicer. We also sell the Breville JE4 juicer which is currently the best whole fruit juicer for the home.
Advantages: These juicers are generally very easy to use, quick at producing juice and the juice quality is good. They are a good entry-level choice of juicer to start with if you are not sure that you will continue juicing on a regular basis. Can generally produce between 1-2 liters of juice per minute.
Disadvantages: These juicers whip in oxygen at high speed thus oxidizing the juice; this accelerates the deterioration in the appearance of the juice and reduces its shelf-life. Juice produced from these types of juicers should be drank immediately – it cannot be stored successfully. This juicing process is not as effective when juicing leafy produce and therefore they are not recommended for juicing wheatgrass and other leafy greens such as spinach on a regular basis. Leafy greens can be fed through by screwing them up in to a ball and feeding through between firmer produce but the yield produce is nowhere near as good as that produced with a slow speed juicer. Also, the pulp will be wetter in comparison to slow speed juicers which indicates that not as much juice is being extracted. They can also be slightly noisy due to the motor and blade operating at high speed.
Masticating Juicers (Slow Speed)
These type of juicers utilize a slow speed extraction process of between 70 RPM and 160 RPM (depending on the juicer) to prevent oxygen affecting the juice.
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